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PR/CP(2006)0150 - Riga Summit Declaration
mercredi 29 novembre 2006
par adi
Issued by the Heads of State and Government participating in the meeting of the North Atlantic Council in Riga on 29 November 2006

1- We, the Heads of State and Government of the member countries of the North Atlantic Alliance, reaffirm today in Riga our resolve to meet the security challenges of the 21st century and defend our populations and common values, while maintaining a strong collective defence as the core purpose of our Alliance. Our 26 nations are united in democracy, individual liberty and the rule of law, and faithful to the purposes and principles of the United Nations Charter.

2- The principle of the indivisibility of Allied security is fundamental, and our solidarity gives us the strength to meet new challenges together. In today’s evolving security environment, we confront complex, sometimes inter-related threats such as terrorism, increasingly global in scale and lethal in results, and the proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and their means of delivery, as well as challenges from instability due to failed or failing states. This puts a premium on the vital role NATO plays as the essential forum for security consultation between North American and European Allies. It highlights the importance of common action against those threats, including in UN-mandated crisis response operations. It also underscores the importance of continuing transformation of NATO’s capabilities and relationships, which includes our operations and missions, strong investment in enhanced capabilities, and closer engagement with our partners, other nations and organisations. We have today endorsed our Comprehensive Political Guidance which provides a framework and political direction for NATO’s continuing transformation, setting out, for the next 10-15 years, the priorities for all Alliance capability issues, planning disciplines and intelligence.

3- From Afghanistan to the Balkans and from the Mediterranean Sea to Darfur, in six challenging missions and operations in three geographic regions, we are advancing peace and security and standing shoulder-to-shoulder with those who defend our common values of democracy and freedom as embodied in the Washington Treaty. We are working closely with our partners and other nations in these endeavours. We pay tribute to the professionalism and dedication of the more than fifty thousand men and women from Allied and other nations dedicated to these tasks, and extend our deepest sympathies to the families and loved ones of the injured and the fallen.

4- We stand with the Government of President Karzai and the people of Afghanistan who seek to build a stable, democratic and prosperous society, free from terrorism, narcotics and fear, providing for its own security and at peace with its neighbours. Afghans have accomplished much in the last five years. Democratically elected institutions are in place, and the implementation of national reconstruction and development strategies is improving the lives of millions. We are committed to an enduring role to support the Afghan authorities, in cooperation with other international actors.

5- Contributing to peace and stability in Afghanistan is NATO’s key priority. In cooperation with Afghan National Security Forces and in coordination with other international actors, we will continue to support the Afghan authorities in meeting their responsibilities to provide security, stability and reconstruction across Afghanistan through the UN-mandated NATO-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF), respecting international law and making every effort to avoid harm to the civilian population. We reaffirm the strong solidarity of our Alliance, and pledge to ensure that ISAF has the forces, resources, and flexibility needed to ensure the mission’s continued success. Moreover, the Afghan Government and NATO are working together to develop democratically-controlled defence institutions. We have agreed today to increase our support to the training and further development of the Afghan National Army, and decided to make stronger national contributions to Afghan National Police training. We welcome the continued contribution of partners and other nations to the ISAF mission and encourage all members of the international community to contribute to this essential effort.

6- There can be no security in Afghanistan without development, and no development without security. The Afghan people have set out their security, governance, and development goals in the Afghanistan Compact, concluded with the international community at the beginning of the year. Provincial Reconstruction Teams are increasingly at the leading edge of NATO’s effort, supported by military forces capable of providing the security and stability needed to foster civilian activity. Guided by the principle of local ownership, our nations will support the Afghan Government’s National Development Strategy and its efforts to build civilian capacity and develop its institutions. We encourage other nations and international organisations, notably the UN and the World Bank, to do the same. NATO will play its full role, but cannot assume the entire burden. We welcome efforts by donor nations, the European Union (EU), and other international organisations to increase their support. We also welcome the steps already taken by the international community to improve the coordination of civilian and military activities, including dialogue between capitals and international organisations, and are convinced of the need to take this further. We encourage the UN to take a leading role in this regard in support of the Afghan Government.

7- We support the Government of Afghanistan’s work to demonstrate decisive leadership, including reaching out to the provinces, strengthening the rule of law, tackling corruption and taking resolute measures against illegal narcotics. We further recognise the need to disrupt the networks that finance, supply and equip terrorists who threaten the government and people of Afghanistan. We recognise the linkage between narcotics and insurgents in Afghanistan and will continue to support the Afghan Government’s counter-narcotics efforts, within ISAF’s mandate.

8- We call on all Afghanistan’s neighbours to act resolutely in support of the Afghan government’s efforts to build a stable and democratic country within secure borders. We particularly encourage close cooperation between Afghanistan, Pakistan and NATO, including through the Tri-Partite Commission.

9- In Kosovo, a robust UN-mandated KFOR presence has been crucial in helping to maintain security and promoting the political process. NATO will remain ready to respond quickly to any threats to the safe and secure environment. We will play our part in the implementation of the security provisions of a settlement, and cooperate closely with the population of Kosovo, the EU and other international actors to promote stability and to assist in building a Kosovo security system that is democratically controlled and ethnically representative, and that enjoys legitimacy throughout Kosovo. We attach great importance to standards implementation especially regarding the safeguarding of minority and community rights and the protection of historical and religious sites, and to combating crime and corruption. We fully support UN Special Envoy Martti Ahtisaari in his efforts to conclude the process and we call on all parties to work together with the UN Special Envoy in a constructive manner, show flexibility in the process, meet the internationally endorsed standards and participate in local civic institutions. This should result in a settlement that improves stability in Southeast Europe, enhances the entire region’s prospects for integration with Euro-Atlantic institutions and is acceptable to the people of Kosovo. As in Afghanistan, success in Kosovo will depend on a concerted effort. Accordingly, NATO activity to provide a secure environment will continue to be coordinated with the activities of the UN, the EU and the OSCE to build governance and support reform.

10- Experience in Afghanistan and Kosovo demonstrates that today’s challenges require a comprehensive approach by the international community involving a wide spectrum of civil and military instruments, while fully respecting mandates and autonomy of decisions of all actors, and provides precedents for this approach. To that end, while recognising that NATO has no requirement to develop capabilities strictly for civilian purposes, we have tasked today the Council in Permanent Session to develop pragmatic proposals in time for the meeting of Foreign Ministers in April 2007 and Defence Ministers in June 2007 to improve coherent application of NATO’s own crisis management instruments as well as practical cooperation at all levels with partners, the UN and other relevant international organisations, Non-Governmental Organisations and local actors in the planning and conduct of ongoing and future operations wherever appropriate. These proposals should take into account emerging lessons learned and consider flexible options for the adjustment of NATO military and political planning procedures with a view to enhancing civil-military interface.

11- NATO’s policy of partnerships, dialogue, and cooperation is essential to the Alliance’s purpose and its tasks. It has fostered strong relationships with countries of the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council (EAPC), the Mediterranean Dialogue (MD), and the Istanbul Cooperation Initiative (ICI), as well as with Contact Countries. NATO’s partnerships have an enduring value, contributing to stability and security across the Euro-Atlantic area and beyond. NATO’s missions and operations have also demonstrated the political and operational value of these relationships : eighteen nations outside the Alliance contribute forces and provide support to our operations and missions, and others have expressed interest in working more closely with NATO.

12- With this in mind, we task the Council in Permanent Session to further develop this policy, in particular to :

- fully develop the political and practical potential of NATO’s existing cooperation programmes : EAPC/Partnership for Peace (PfP), MD and ICI, and its relations with Contact Countries, in accordance with the decisions of our Istanbul Summit ;

- increase the operational relevance of relations with non-NATO countries, including interested Contact Countries ; and in particular to strengthen NATO’s ability to work with those current and potential contributors to NATO operations and mission, who share our interests and values ;

- increase NATO’s ability to provide practical advice on, and assistance in, the defence and security-related aspects of reform in countries and regions where NATO is engaged.

13- Together, we will pursue these objectives, subject to North Atlantic Council (NAC) decisions, by :

- making consultations with PfP Partners more focused and reflective of priorities, including by adapting the EAPC process and by making full use of the different formats of NATO’s interaction with Partners, as provided for in the EAPC Basic Document and agreed at our Prague and Istanbul Summits ;

- enabling the Alliance to call ad-hoc meetings as events arise with those countries who contribute to or support our operations and missions politically, militarily and in other ways and those who are potential contributors, considering their interest in specific regions where NATO is engaged. This will be done using flexible formats for consultation meetings of Allies with one or more interested partners (members the EAPC, MD or the ICI) and/or interested Contact Countries, based on the principles of inclusiveness, transparency and self-differentiation ;

- strengthening NATO’s ability to work effectively with individual countries by opening up for consideration those partnership tools currently available to EAPC countries to our partners in the MD and the ICI, as well as interested Contact Countries, on a case-by-case basis.

14- We will continue to follow closely how all Partners fulfil their commitments to the values and principles they have adhered to under the EAPC and the PfP. We reiterate the right of any Partner to seek consultations with the Alliance. We welcome the progress made by Individual Partnership Action Plan countries and encourage further reform efforts. We commend the initiatives to strengthen cooperation, security and stability in the Black Sea region and will continue to support the regional efforts to this end.

15- We welcome the progress achieved in implementing the more ambitious and expanded framework for the Mediterranean Dialogue (MD) agreed at our Istanbul Summit, and we remain committed to it, including through the decisions we have taken today.

16- We also look forward to using the new pragmatic approach we have adopted today to enhance our relationship with MD and ICI countries as well as interested Contact Countries.

17- Since our Istanbul Summit, NATO’s expertise in training has developed further while our partnership with the nations in the broader Middle East region has matured and grown in importance to NATO operations and missions. In this light, we have today launched the NATO Training Cooperation Initiative in the modernisation of defence structures and the training of security forces. The Alliance stands ready, in the spirit of joint ownership, and taking into account available resources, to share its training expertise with our MD and ICI partners from the broader region of the Middle East. Through an evolutionary and phased approach building on existing structures and programmes, we will set up to the benefit of our partners and NATO nations an expanding network of NATO training activities. An initial phase will include expanding the participation of these partners in relevant existing NATO training and education programmes, partnership activities, and Allied training facilities to meet Allies’ and partners’ needs, as well as the establishment of a Middle East faculty at the NATO Defense College. As a second phase, NATO could consider supporting the establishment of a Security Cooperation Centre in the region, to be owned by the MD and ICI countries, with regional funding and NATO assistance. A decision on contributing to the establishment of such a NATO supported centre would be based on overall political considerations, appropriate preparatory work by the Alliance and with partners, and experience gained in all aspects of the initial phase. Various sources of funding, including voluntary funding, for example trust funds, will be considered. We look forward to the timely implementation of this initiative, in close consultation with our partners.

18- All Allies continue to contribute to the NATO mission in Iraq, consistent with United Nations Security Council Resolution 1546, to support the Iraqi security forces through training, in or out of the country, equipping, or contributing to trust funds. Our training mission is a demonstration of our support for the Iraqi people and their government, and for the stability, democratic development, unity and territorial integrity of the Republic of Iraq, in accordance with relevant United Nations Security Council resolutions. In response to a request from the Prime Minister of Iraq, we have asked the NATO Military Authorities to develop additional niche training options to support Iraqi security forces where military expertise is required, within the mandate of the NATO Training Mission-Iraq. This demonstrates our continued commitment to help Iraq build effective and sustainable multi-ethnic security forces.

19- We are deeply concerned by the continued fighting in Darfur as well as the worsening humanitarian situation and call on all parties to abide by the ceasefire. We are concerned about the regional implications of the conflict. We welcome the conclusions of the 16 November 2006 meeting in Addis Ababa for an African Union (AU) / UN hybrid peacekeeping mission and urge the Government of Sudan to implement them. NATO continues to support the ongoing AU mission and is ready, following consultation with and the agreement of the AU, to broaden that support. The Alliance is committed to continued coordination with all actors involved, in particular the AU, the UN and the EU, including with respect to possible support for a follow-on mission with airlift and training.

20- We strongly condemn terrorism, whatever its motivations or manifestations, and will fight it together as long as necessary, in accordance with international law and UN principles. The Alliance continues to provide an essential transatlantic dimension to the response against terrorism. Operation Active Endeavour, our maritime operation in the Mediterranean, continues to make an important contribution to the fight against terrorism and we welcome the support of partner countries which has further enhanced its effectiveness. We remain committed to our dialogue and cooperation with our partners and other international organisations to fight terrorism, and reiterate our determination to protect our populations, territories, infrastructure and forces against the consequences of terrorist attacks. We commend NATO’s Defence Against Terrorism initiatives, including development of cutting-edge technologies to counter terrorist threats, such as defending Allied forces in Afghanistan from Improvised Explosive Devices. We call upon Allies to continue to develop and fully implement their national capabilities in this important area, and to strengthen the Alliance’s ability to share information and intelligence on terrorism, especially in support of NATO operations.

21- We support the promotion of common values, reform, and dialogue, among different peoples and cultures. In this regard, we acknowledge the initiative on an “Alliance of Civilisations” launched by the UN Secretary General, and the G8 “Forum for the Future” initiative.

22- Continuing defence transformation is essential to ensure that the Alliance remains able to perform its full range of missions, including collective defence and crisis response operations. Our operations in Afghanistan and the Balkans confirm that NATO needs modern, highly capable forces - forces that can move quickly to wherever they are needed upon decision by the NAC. Building on our decisions at the Summits in Prague and Istanbul, much has already been done to make Alliance forces more capable and usable. We will strengthen capabilities further in accordance with the direction and priorities of the Comprehensive Political Guidance.

23- The establishment of the NATO Response Force (NRF) which today is at full operational capability has been a key development. It plays a vital part in the Alliance’s response to a rapidly emerging crisis. It also serves as a catalyst for transformation and interoperability and will enhance the overall quality of our armed forces, not only for NATO, but also for EU, UN or national purposes. We support the improved implementation of the agreed NRF concept through mechanisms to enhance long term force generation, and steps to allow for a more sustainable and transparent approach to maintain the capability of the force in the future.

24- The adaptation of our forces must continue. We have endorsed a set of initiatives to increase the capacity of our forces to address contemporary threats and challenges.

These include :

- improving our ability to conduct and support multinational joint expeditionary operations far from home territory with little or no host nation support and to sustain them for extended periods. This requires forces that are fully deployable, sustainable and interoperable and the means to deploy them ;

- commitments to increase strategic airlift, crucial to the rapid deployment of forces, to address identified persistent shortages. Multinational initiatives by NATO members and Partners include the already operational Strategic Airlift Interim Solution ; the intent of a consortium to pool C-17 airlift assets, and offers to coordinate support structures for A-400M strategic airlift. Nationally, Allies have or plan to acquire a large number of C-17 and A-400M aircraft. There have also been significant developments in the collective provision of sealift since the Prague Summit ;

- the launch of a special operations forces transformation initiative aimed at increasing their ability to train and operate together, including through improving equipment capabilities ;

- ensuring the ability to bring military support to stabilisation operations and reconstruction efforts in all phases of a crisis, as required and as set out in the Comprehensive Political Guidance, drawing on lessons learned and emerging from current operations on the added value of such military support ;

- work to develop a NATO Network Enabled Capability to share information, data and intelligence reliably, securely and without delay in Alliance operations, while improving protection of our key information systems against cyber attack ;

- the activation of an Intelligence Fusion Centre to improve information and intelligence sharing for Alliance operations ;

- continuing progress in the Alliance Ground Surveillance programme, with a view to achieving real capabilities to support Alliance forces ;

- continuing efforts to develop capabilities to counter chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear threats ;

- transforming the Alliance’s approach to logistics, in part through greater reliance on multinational solutions ;

- efforts to ensure that the command structure is lean, efficient and more effective ; and

- the signature of the first major contract for a NATO Active Layered Theatre Ballistic Missile Defence system which is a major step towards improving the protection of deployed NATO forces.

25- At Prague we initiated a Missile Defence Feasibility Study in response to the increasing missile threat. We welcome its recent completion. It concludes that missile defence is technically feasible within the limitations and assumptions of the study. We tasked continued work on the political and military implications of missile defence for the Alliance including an update on missile threat developments.

26- We are committed to continuing to provide, individually and collectively, the resources that are necessary to allow our Alliance to perform the tasks that we demand from it. Therefore, we encourage nations whose defence spending is declining to halt that decline and to aim to increase defence spending in real terms. As set out in the Comprehensive Political Guidance, the development of capabilities will not be possible without the commitment of sufficient resources. Those resources should be used efficiently and focused on the priorities identified in the Comprehensive Political Guidance.

27- We endorse the drive for greater efficiency and effectiveness in NATO Headquarters and its funding practices.

28- In the Western Balkans, Euro-Atlantic integration, based on solidarity and democratic values, remains necessary for long-term stability. This requires cooperation in the region, good-neighbourly relations, and working towards mutually acceptable solutions to outstanding issues.

29- NATO’s ongoing enlargement process has been an historic success in advancing stability, peace and cooperation in Europe and the vision of a Europe whole, free, and at peace. In keeping with our pledge to maintain an open door to the admission of additional Alliance members in the future, we reaffirm that NATO remains open to new European members under Article 10 of the North Atlantic Treaty. The Membership Action Plan (MAP) is a crucial stage in preparing countries for possible NATO membership. All European democratic countries may be considered for MAP or admission, subject to decisions by the NAC at each stage, based on the performance of these countries towards meeting the objectives of the North Atlantic Treaty. We direct that NATO Foreign Ministers keep that process under continual review and report to us.

30- We welcome the efforts of Albania, Croatia, and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (1) to prepare themselves for the responsibilities and obligations of membership. We commend their increasing contributions to international peacekeeping and security operations as well as their common efforts to advance regional cooperation. At our next summit in 2008, the Alliance intends to extend further invitations to those countries who meet NATO’s performance based standards and are able to contribute to Euro-Atlantic security and stability.

31- We welcome the improved conduct of Parliamentary elections in Albania in July 2005. Sustained efforts to combat corruption and organised crime are of critical importance. We encourage continued progress, particularly on the rule of law and defence reforms.

32- We welcome Croatia’s full cooperation with International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and its significant progress in furthering political, economic, rule of law and defence reform, which must be sustained, and encourage further efforts to ensure that its membership aspirations are backed by stronger popular support.

33- We welcome the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia’s successful conduct of Parliamentary elections in 2006, and the strong efforts to deepen political, economic, defence, rule of law and judicial reform, which must be sustained.

34- We firmly believe that Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Serbia can offer valuable contributions to regional stability and security. We strongly support the ongoing reform processes and want to encourage further positive developments in the region on its path towards Euro-Atlantic integration.

35- NATO will further enhance cooperation on defence reform with Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia, and will offer advice and assistance as Montenegro builds its defence capabilities.

36- Taking into account the importance of long term stability in the Western Balkans and acknowledging the progress made so far by Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Serbia, we have today invited these three countries to join Partnership for Peace and the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council. In taking this step, we reaffirm the importance we attach to the values and principles set out in the EAPC and PfP basic documents, and notably expect Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina to cooperate fully with the ICTY. We will closely monitor their respective efforts in this regard.

37- We reaffirm that the Alliance will continue with Georgia and Ukraine its Intensified Dialogues which cover the full range of political, military, financial, and security issues relating to those countries’ aspirations to membership, without prejudice to any eventual Alliance decision.

38- We reaffirm the importance of the NATO-Ukraine Distinctive Partnership, which has its 10th anniversary next year and welcome the progress that has been made in the framework of our Intensified Dialogue. We appreciate Ukraine’s substantial contributions to our common security, including through participation in NATO-led operations and efforts to promote regional cooperation. We encourage Ukraine to continue to contribute to regional security. We are determined to continue to assist, through practical cooperation, in the implementation of far-reaching reform efforts, notably in the fields of national security, defence, reform of the defence-industrial sector and fighting corruption.

39- We welcome the commencement of an Intensified Dialogue with Georgia as well as Georgia’s contribution to international peacekeeping and security operations. We will continue to engage actively with Georgia in support of its reform process. We encourage Georgia to continue progress on political, economic and military reforms, including strengthening judicial reform, as well as the peaceful resolution of outstanding conflicts on its territory. We reaffirm that it is of great importance that all parties in the region should engage constructively to promote regional peace and stability.

40- The NATO-Russia partnership remains a strategic element in fostering security in the Euro-Atlantic area. As we look towards the 10th anniversary of the signing of the Founding Act and the 5th anniversary of the NATO-Russia Council (NRC) in May 2007, we welcome progress made in intensifying political dialogue and practical cooperation between NATO and Russia, and believe that the cooperative agenda set forth in the May 2002 Rome Declaration has not yet achieved its full potential. Much work remains to be done to this end, and we call on Russia to join us in enhancing our cooperation on key security issues, including the fight against terrorism. We look forward to Russia’s early ratification of the PfP Status of Forces Agreement, which would facilitate the further intensification of our practical cooperation, in particular military-to-military projects. We value Russia’s contribution to Operation Active Endeavour, and our practical cooperation in countering narcotics trafficking in Afghanistan and Central Asia. We are prepared to strengthen and deepen cooperation within the NRC by making its existing structures more effective, and to continue working together as equal partners in areas of common concern and interest where our cooperation can provide added value, as envisaged by the Rome Declaration.

41- NATO and the EU share common values and strategic interests. NATO-EU relations cover a wide range of issues of common interest relating to security, defence and crisis management, including the fight against terrorism, the development of coherent and mutually reinforcing military capabilities, and civil emergency planning. Our successful cooperation in the Western Balkans, including through the Berlin Plus arrangements regarding EU operation Althea, is contributing to peace and security. We will strive for improvements in the NATO-EU strategic partnership as agreed by our two organisations, to achieve closer cooperation and greater efficiency, and avoid unnecessary duplication, in a spirit of transparency and respecting the autonomy of the two organisations. A stronger EU will further contribute to our common security.

42- We reaffirm our commitment to the CFE Treaty as a cornerstone of European security and to the early entry into force of the Adapted Treaty, which would permit accession by new States Parties. The 3rd Review Conference underscored the vital importance we attach to the CFE Treaty and we are determined to maintain our constructive approach to conventional arms control. Fulfilment of the remaining Istanbul commitments on the Republic of Georgia and the Republic of Moldova will create the conditions for Allies and other States Parties to move forward on ratification of the Adapted CFE Treaty. We welcome the important agreement signed by Russia and Georgia on 31 March 2006 on the withdrawal of Russian forces, and the progress made since then. We note with regret the continued lack of progress on withdrawal of Russian military forces from the Republic of Moldova and we call upon Russia to resume and complete its withdrawal as soon as possible.

43- We regret the persistence of regional conflicts in the South Caucasus and the Republic of Moldova. Our nations support the territorial integrity, independence, and sovereignty of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, and the Republic of Moldova. We support continued efforts to achieve peaceful settlements to the conflicts involving these countries.

44- We fully support the United Nations Security Council’s determination that the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea’s nuclear test constitutes a clear threat to international peace and security and the Council’s demand that the Iranian government suspend all enrichment-related and reprocessing activities including research and development to be verified by the International Atomic Energy Agency. We expect that both governments comply fully with the demands of relevant United Nations Security Council resolutions. We express our support to ongoing diplomatic efforts in this respect. We reiterate that the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty remains the cornerstone of non-proliferation and disarmament, and call for the full compliance with it by all States Parties to the Treaty. We reaffirm that arms control and non-proliferation will continue to play a major role in preventing the spread and use of Weapons of Mass Destruction and their means of delivery. Current proliferation challenges underline the importance of strengthening national measures, implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540, and existing multilateral non-proliferation and export control regimes and international arms control and disarmament accords, including the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention, the Chemical Weapons Convention and the Hague Code of Conduct against the Proliferation of Ballistic Missiles.

45- As underscored in NATO’s Strategic Concept, Alliance security interests can also be affected by the disruption of the flow of vital resources. We support a coordinated, international effort to assess risks to energy infrastructures and to promote energy infrastructure security. With this in mind, we direct the Council in Permanent Session to consult on the most immediate risks in the field of energy security, in order to define those areas where NATO may add value to safeguard the security interests of the Allies and, upon request, assist national and international efforts.

46- We express our deep appreciation for the gracious hospitality extended to us by our Latvian hosts. Here in Latvia, a nation whose accession to NATO has strengthened security for all in the Euro-Atlantic area and brought us closer to our common goal of a Europe whole and free, united in peace and by common values, we have reaffirmed the indispensable link between North America and Europe, and underlined our commitment to the continuing transformation of our Alliance. The decisions we have taken together, along with the work we have directed, demonstrate that the Alliance is adapting to the 21st century security environment, through its operations, transformed defence capabilities and deeper engagements with countries in and beyond the Euro-Atlantic Area, as well as continued internal reform. These efforts will strengthen our mission in Afghanistan and the Alliance’s ability to meet further challenges. We will meet next in Spring 2008 in order to assess progress, and give further direction to NATO’s ongoing transformation, including our enlargement process.

1- Turkey recognises the Republic of Macedonia with its constitutional name.

Source : Summit document - november 29, 2006


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    7 septembre 2007

  54. Joint Statement - 19th APEC Ministerial Meeting
    8 septembre 2007

  55. Déclaration de Stephen Harper, Premier ministre du Canada
    24 septembre 2007

  56. Un accord historique pour les vingt ans du Protocole de Montréal
    24 septembre 2007

  57. Tout sur la 62e session de l’Assemblée générale de l’ONU
    25 septembre 2007

  58. Débat général : les propositions des chefs d’Etats et de gouvernement
    25 septembre 2007

  59. La 18e Commission conjointe Chine/ Etats-Unis du Commerce
    11 octobre 2007

  60. President Mbeki, Prime Minister Singh and President Lula to increase strategic trilateral relations
    16 octobre 2007

  61. Summit declaration
    17 octobre 2007

  62. L’Ambassade du Canada organisera la Foire Canadienne de l’éducation, les 5 et 6 nov. à Abidjan
    30 octobre 2007

  63. Plus de 55 milliards de dollars pour la connectivité de l’Afrique
    1er novembre 2007

  64. Sommet ministériel de l’OMT, le changement climatique au menu
    12 novembre 2007

  65. Stephen Harper, Premier ministre du Canada en Ouganda et en Tanzanie
    21 novembre 2007

  66. Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting - CHOGM
    22 novembre 2007

  67. Final communiqué
    25 novembre 2007

  68. AFRICA-European Union summit (Lisbon, december 7/9, 2007
    9 décembre 2007

  69. Document de stratégie pays et le programmes indicatifs nationaux pour le 10ème FED
    9 décembre 2007

  70. Climate Change Conference in Bali
    15 décembre 2007

  71. Fin du 33ème Sommet de la CEDEAO
    18 janvier 2008

  72. La Tanzanie prend la présidence en exercice de l’Union africaine
    31 janvier 2008

  73. Commission de l’UA : un corps malade
    30 janvier 2008

  74. Union africaine : Le Gabonais Jean Ping succède à Alpha Konaré
    2 février 2008

  75. Francophones et anglophones se rencontrent à Abidjan
    26 février 2008

  76. Coopération et élargissement dominent le sommet de l’OTAN
    3 avril 2008

  77. Déclaration des chefs d’État et de gouvernement
    3 avril 2008

  78. Développer les relations… surtout économiques
    8 avril 2008

  79. Déclaration conjointe du Président Bush, du Président Calderón et du Premier ministre Harper
    22 avril 2008

  80. Banque Africaine de Développement : l’inflation s’invite à la réunion annuelle
    13 mai 2008

  81. Bientôt une conférence du Groupe des 77 à Yamoussoukro
    14 mai 2008

  82. Address by Yasuo Fukuda, Prime Minister of Japan at the opening session of the TICAD IV
    28 mai 2008

  83. TICAD IV Plan d’Action de Yokohama
    30 mai 2008

  84. FAO : Crise alimentaire au sommet de Rome
    5 juin 2008

  85. Fin du 11è sommet de l’Union africaine
    2 juillet 2008

  86. Plus de 1.000 personnes attendues à un "Sommet des pauvres" au Mali
    4 juillet 2008

  87. Le Canada se dit déçu de l’impasse des négociations de l’OMC
    29 juillet 2008

  88. Echec des négociations sur la libéralisation des échanges commerciaux
    30 juillet 2008

  89. Étude conjointe sur un partenariat économique Canada‑Union européenne plus étroit
    18 octobre 2008

  90. Beijing Declaration on Sustainable Development
    25 octobre 2008

  91. Crise : La Banque mondiale va accroître son appui aux pays en développement
    13 novembre 2008

  92. Cent pays ont ratifié la Convention internationale contre le dopage
    13 novembre 2008

  93. Les pays du G20 s’accordent sur des grands principes et un plan d’action
    15 novembre 2008

  94. Le Canada signe la Convention sur les armes à sous-munitions
    3 décembre 2008

  95. Simul’ONU : Une étudiante sud-africaine sera Secrétaire générale
    9 mars 2009

  96. G20 : la police britannique s’attend à un "défi" et mobilisera 2.500 hommes
    20 mars 2009

  97. Le sommet du G20 à Londres
    2 avril 2009

  98. G20 - London summit participants
    2 avril 2009

  99. The official communique issued at the close of the G20 London Summit
    3 avril 2009

  100. G20 London 2009 summit : Letter from HH The Pope to the Prime Minister
    1er avril 2009

  101. Sommet 2009 du G20 à Londres : Paradis fiscaux : Liste controversée dans les pays concernés
    1er avril 2009

  102. Sommet de l’OTAN : Déclaration du Sommet de Strasbourg-Kehl
    4 avril 2009

  103. La Conférence de l’ONU sur le racisme adopte son document final
    21 avril 2009

  104. ONU : Le Libyen Ali Treki élu président de l’Assemblée générale pour 2009/2010
    10 juin 2009

  105. Sommet de l’Union africaine : Les Etats-Unis d’Afrique : un sujet qui fâche
    28 juin 2009

  106. Sommet de l’UA : Visite embarrassante du président Ahmadinejad
    30 juin 2009

  107. L’Union africaine se dote d’une "Autorité"
    3 juillet 2009

  108. Sommet de l’UA / Libye : L’Autorité aux compétences élargies remplacera la Commission
    3 juillet 2009

  109. G8 Summit 2009 Aquila (Italy) : Official documents and photos
    10 juillet 2009

  110. Sharm El Sheikh (Egypt), 11-16 July 2009 : 15th Summit of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
    17 juillet 2009

  111. La 4e conférence ministérielle du Forum sur la Coopération sino-africaine aura lieu en Egypte
    2 août 2009

  112. ONU / Etats-Unis / Afrique : Obama reçoit les Africains du sud du Sahara
    23 septembre 2009

  113. ONU : Contraste saisissant à la tribune de l’ONU
    24 septembre 2009

  114. Le Canada annonce une nouvelle aide pour la Banque africaine de développement
    29 septembre 2009

  115. G20 summit - Leaders’ Statement : The Pittsburgh Summit
    25 septembre 2009

  116. Le ministre Cannon sera l’hôte de la réunion des ministres des Affaires étrangères des pays membres du G8, à Gatineau en mars 2010
    6 novembre 2009

  117. Canada : Sommet du G8 en 2010 à Muskoka (Ontario)
    7 novembre 2009

  118. La nouvelle frontière de l’Afrique – Innovation. Technologie. Prospérité
    12 janvier 2010

  119. Décisions du 14ème sommet de l’Unon Africaine
    5 février 2010

  120. Le gouvernement du Canada accueille le Sommet du G20 à Toronto
    27 juin 2010

  121. Réunion des ministres des Affaires étrangères des États côtiers de l’Arctique
    29 mars 2010

  122. Engagements au titre de la Stratégie pour le Nord
    29 mars 2010

  123. Sommet du G8 : Conférence des ministres des Affaires étrangères
    29 mars 2010

  124. Sommaire du président
    29 mars 2010

  125. G8 : Les ministres des Affaires étrangères du G8 annoncent l’initiative pour la prospérité de la région frontalière entre l’Afghanistan et le Pakistan
    30 mars 2010

  126. G8 : Déclaration des ministres des Affaires étrangères du G8 sur l’Afghanistan
    30 mars 2010

  127. Afrique / Etats-Unis : Ouverture du dialogue Afrique-USA à Washington
    23 avril 2010

  128. Rencontre des ministres du développement du G8 – Déclaration de la présidence
    28 avril 2010

  129. La BAD à Abidjan : Une réunion annuelle de sortie de crise
    27 mai 2010

  130. Sommet France-Afrique : Les absents et les présents du XXVe sommet France-Afrique de Nice
    30 mai 2010

  131. XXVème Sommet Afrique-France - Nice les 31 mai et 1er juin 2010 : Déclaration finale
    1er juin 2010

  132. Blogue du sherpa
    18 juin 2010

  133. Déclaration du G8 à Mukoka : Reprise et renaissance
    26 juin 2010

  134. Sommet du G8 à Muskoka : Déclaration des dirigeants du G-8 sur la lutte contre le terrorisme
    26 juin 2010

  135. Déclaration : Du Sommet du G-20 à Toronto
    27 juin 2010

  136. Clôture du Sommet du G-20 : Déclaration du Premier ministre du Canada
    27 juin 2010

  137. Le Premier ministre Stephen Harper annonce a contribution du Canada à l’Initiative de Muskoka sur la santé des mères, des nouveau-nés et des enfants
    25 juin 2010

  138. Le Premier ministre Stephen Harper lance le Projet de financement des petites et moyennes entreprises - Il annonce la contribution du Canada à l’initiative
    25 juin 2010

  139. Les dirigeants du monde entier réunis à l’ONU pour accélérer la lutte contre la pauvreté
    20 septembre 2010

  140. US president Barack Obama’s Remarks to the United Nations General Assembly
    23 septembre 2010

  141. Afrique du Sud prochain pays organisateur de la Conférence des Nations unies sur le climat
    12 décembre 2010

  142. Le communiqué final - 19 février 2011 : Réunion des Ministres des Finances et Gouverneurs de Banque centrale Paris, 18-19 février 2011
    19 février 2011

  143. G8-G20 en France, en 2011 : Une mission sur l’Afrique pour le PDG de Prudential Tidjane Thiam
    30 janvier 2011

  144. G8 à Deauville (France) : En route pour le sommet 2011
    20 février 2011

  145. Sommet du G20, à Cannes (France) : Les documents officiels, les coulisses, les réactions et les statistiques
    20 février 2011

  146. G8 : Côte d’Ivoire, Niger et Guinée invités exceptionnels du sommet
    23 mai 2011

  147. G8/G20, en France : L’Africa Progress Panel
    15 février 2011

  148. G8 : Deauville sous haute surveillance pour traiter d’Internet, de sûreté nucléaire, du printemps arabe, de l’aide aux nouvelles démocraties
    26 mai 2011

  149. Déclaration conjointe G8/Afrique des valeurs communes et des responsabilités partagées - Sommet du G8 de Deauville — 26-27 mai 2011
    27 mai 2011

  150. Séance de travail des conjoints des Chefs d’Etat et de gouvernement sur le thème de la lutte contre l’illettrisme
    26 mai 2011

  151. Déclaration du G8 sur les printemps arabes - Sommet du G8 de Deauville 2011
    27 mai 2011

  152. Un nouvel élan pour la liberté et la démocratie : déclaration du G8 de Deauville
    27 mai 2011

  153. Quelles priorités pour la présidence française du G20 en 2011 ?
    24 mai 2011

  154. Mexico 2011 : La Côte d’Ivoire au XXIVe Congrès mondial de la Route
    30 septembre 2011

  155. Perth (Australie) - Forum des affaires du Commonwealth : Déclaration du 1er. ministre Canadien, Stephen Harper
    27 octobre 2011

  156. Harper, infatigable, le Canada rayonne à l’international
    3 novembre 2011

  157. Cannes (France) Sommet du G20 : Communiqué final
    4 novembre 2011

  158. Après Cannes 2011, le sommet du G20, quelques réactions
    10 novembre 2011

  159. Déclaration de Stephen Harper, Premier ministre du Canada au Sommet du G20 à Cannes
    4 novembre 2011

  160. Sommet du G20 - Conférence de presse du président Nicolas Sarkozy
    4 novembre 2011

  161. Sommet du G20, à Cannes : Déclaration finale
    4 novembre 2011

  162. Sommet du G20 - Plan d’action de Cannes pour la croissance et l’emploi
    4 novembre 2011

  163. Sommet du G20, à Cannes - Partenariat pour le développement agricole entre la France et la Fondation Gates
    4 novembre 2011

  164. Conférence de presse conjointe de Sarkozy et Obama
    3 novembre 2011

  165. Le gouverneur de la Banque du Canada, Mark Carney, appelé en pompier, pour présider le CSF international
    4 novembre 2011

  166. Les Coulisses du sommet du G20 à Cannes
    4 novembre 2011

  167. Remarks by President Obama and President Nicolas Sarkozy of France in a Joint Statement
    4 novembre 2011

  168. Statement by South African President Jacob Zuma at the G20 Summit, Cannes, France
    4 novembre 2011

  169. Cannes Sommet du G20 : Liste des 29 banques internationales présentant un risque systémique
    4 novembre 2011

  170. Le Premier ministre Stephen Harper participera à la réunion du Forum économique mondiale à Davos
    10 janvier 2012

  171. Bataille au sommet de l’Union africaine : l’Afrique du Sud "optimiste"
    29 janvier 2012

  172. Sommet du G8 aux États-Unis (18 au 19 mai) : Camp David remplace Chicago
    13 mars 2012

  173. A la découverte de Camp David
    16 mai 2012

  174. Camp David G8 Summit 2012
    16 mai 2012

  175. Fact Sheet : Chicago Summit - Strengthening NATO’s Partnerships
    21 mai 2012

  176. G8 summit 2012 : Camp David Declaration
    19 mai 2012

  177. Déclaration de Stephen Harper, Premier ministre du Canada à Camp David, Maryland
    19 mai 2012

  178. Côte d`Ivoire : inauguration d`un laboratoire de production de cacao amélioré
    20 novembre 2012

  179. Davos, 43e Forum Économique Mondial, forte présence africaine
    26 janvier 2013

  180. Toluca (Mexique), 2014 : Déclaration conjointe des dirigeants nord-américains
    19 février 2014

  181. Religion : Les Archevêques (Abidjan), Jean-Pierre Kutwa et (Ouagadougou), Philippe Nakellentuba Ouédraogo, officiellement cardinaux
    23 février 2014

  182. Canada - PLC : Les libéraux clôturent un congrès biennal réussi
    23 février 2014

  183. Déclaration des chefs des pays du G7 sur la situation en Ukraine
    12 mars 2014

  184. Pays du G7 : Déclaration de la Haye - 24 mars 2014, La Haye (Pays-Bas)
    25 mars 2014

  185. France : Les célébrations du 70e anniversaire du Débarquement
    6 juin 2014

  186. Déclaration du Sommet du G-7 de Bruxelles Bruxelles (Belgique)
    5 juin 2014

  187. François Hollande à la Conférence de presse finale su sommet du G7
    5 juin 2014

  188. Le Premier ministre Stephen Harper prononce un discours à la clôture du Sommet des dirigeants du G7
    5 juin 2014

  189. Vladimir Poutine exclu du G8 : la partie émergée des sanctions contre la Russie
    4 juin 2014

  190. Sommet du G7, à Bruxelles, du 4 au 5 juin 2014
    5 juin 2014

  191. Les pays du BRICS créent leur banque de développement
    15 juillet 2014

  192. Sommet du G20 à Brisbane (Australie) : Déclaration sur l’éclosion d’Ebola en Afrique de l’Ouest
    15 novembre 2014

  193. 2e Forum des ministres du Développement social de l’Afrique de l’Est
    1er septembre 2009

  194. 5èm sommet des Amériques : Déclaration d’Engagement de Portof Spain
    19 avril 2009

  195. 6è Forum mondial du développement durable
    1er novembre 2008

  196. 14ème Forum pour le partenariat avec l’Afrique, 29-30 avril, Toronto, Canada
    30 avril 2010

  197. 20e Protocole de Montréal
    21 septembre 2007

  198. 36e Session de l’assemblée à Montréal (Canada)
    28 septembre 2007

  199. 51ème Conférence annuelle du Collège Ouest Africain des Chirurgiens (COAC)
    13 mai 2011

  200. 60 ans de l’OTAN : Déclaration des chefs d’État et de gouvernement sur la Sécurité de l’Alliance
    4 avril 2009

  201. 61e Assemblée générale des Nations Unies
    21 septembre 2006

  202. 65e Assemblée générale des Nations Unies : Stephen Harper - Le Canada va doubler son aide au développement pour l’Afrique
    23 septembre 2010

  203. 67ème session de l’Assemblée générale de l’ONU : Que la messe onusienne commence
    6 septembre 2012

  204. 700 milliards de dollars débloqués pour les banques profiteront plutôt aux établissements financiers
    13 novembre 2008

  205. 2007 U.S.-Africa Business Summit Agenda
    15 novembre 2007