Président de la Commission de l’Union Africaine (depuis le 1er. février 2008)
NEPAD has not only changed the content of the African development agenda and energised action in Africa but has also transformed the nature of the dialogue with its partners.
This dialogue and partnership, based on mutual trust, respect, and responsibility, started in 2001 with the invitation by the architects of NEPAD to the leaders of G8 countries to partner with Africa in the implementation of NEPAD.
The response was the release of the G8 Africa Action Plan in June 2002. Through this plan the G8 made commitments to support the implementation of NEPAD and to produce regular reports on their progress in so doing.
At the G8 Summit held in Evian in 2003, it was decided to extend the dialogue between the G8 and NEPAD to all countries of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) that contribute substantially to development assistance.
Participation on the African side was also expanded to include representatives of all 20 countries serving on the NEPAD Heads of State and Government Implementation Committee, the executive secretaries of the Regional Economic Communities and a representative of the African Union Commission.
The increased engagement of G8 and other OECD leaders by the NEPAD architects has also contributed to reversing the decline in development assistance flows to Africa. While the African leaders are not claiming sole credit for this achievement, the NEPAD policy framework has provided a common focal point and clarity regarding what Africa wants.
Over the past five years, NEPAD has played a critical role in advocating for increased Overseas Development Assistance (ODA) to Africa. Heads of State from Africa have been invited to Summits of the G8 countries, and have consistently used these opportunities to urge the G8 to put the African development agenda high on their priorities.
Unlike the many previous African initiatives, NEPAD has been very well received by the international community, and it has become a strong brand name.
Following the adoption of Resolution 57/7, the Secretary General of the United Nations established the Office of the Special Advisor on Africa (OSAA). An important element of the mandate of this Office is the promotion of NEPAD in the UN system and internationally, in partnership with NEPAD structures.
The Diaspora and African business leaders The NEPAD message has also reached the countries of the South and Africans in the Diaspora. China, India, Brazil and the Arab countries in particular are being mobilised to partner Africa.
A group of African scientists resident in the United States and Europe have established the NEPAD Council as a vehicle for co-ordinating their participation in the development and implementation of NEPAD programmes.
Furthermore, NEPAD has established Africa Recruit as a joint venture with the Commonwealth Business Council to interest Africans living abroad in job opportunities in Africa and in providing consultancy services to African governments and initiatives.
There are now NEPAD private sector initiatives in a number of African countries and internationally and NEPAD is encouraged by the response of the private sector to its strategy.
The NEPAD Business Group was launched in 2002 under the leadership of the African Business Roundtable and many African countries now have NEPAD Business chapters.
Internationally, the World Economic Forum, the Commonwealth Business Council, the US Corporate Council on Africa and the Canadian Corporate Council hold annual NEPAD events and are involved in promoting investment in Africa by their members.
Business is actively involved in the preparation and financing of a number of NEPAD projects, including the Eastern Africa fibre-optic submarine cable and the cellular networks, the latter being financed primarily by the private sector.
NEPAD is a unique framework that can partner with the private sector and civil society organisations to fast-track development. This partnership has demonstrated its effectiveness in fast-tracking implementation through the NEPAD e-schools programme and the NEPAD GAIN food fortification initiative.
In addition to oil exploration, private sector investment in mining has also increased significantly in the last few years. Associated with these developments are accelerated policy and regulatory reforms and improved collaboration by African Ministers of Mining, who have established a forum to promote harmonisation of policies, increased investment and enhancement of the skills required for accelerated development of the sector.
The creation of conducive conditions for business development and growth of foreign direct investment must remain a major focus for Africa to achieve self-sustaining development and will continue to be a major focus for the work of NEPAD.
A Summit of the NEPAD Heads of State and Government Implementation Committee is to be convened in Abuja, Nigeria, in October 2006 to brainstorm a review of the achievements of NEPAD and possible improvements of its programs and operations.
Source - nepad news, 25 Août 2006