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Every two years, Commonwealth leaders meet for a few days to discuss global and Commonwealth issues, and to agree collective policies and initiatives. These summits provide a unique forum for consultation at the highest level of government. They are organised by the host nation in collaboration with the Commonwealth Secretariat.
Antigua and Barbuda, Australia , The Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize , Botswana, Brunei Darussalam, Cameroon, Canada, Cyprus, Dominica, Fiji Islands (was suspended from the Councils of the Commonwealth in December 2006 following a military coup), Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guyana, India, Jamaica, Kenya, Kiribati, Lesotho, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru (a Special Member), New Zealand, Nigeria, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, St Kitts and Nevis, St Lucia, St Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Kingdom, Tanzania, Vanuatu, Zambia
1. The Commonwealth Ministerial Action Group on the Harare Declaration (CMAG) met at the Serena Hotel, Kampala on 22 November 2007. The meeting was chaired by Hon Michael Frendo, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Malta. Other members of the Group who attended the meeting were Hon Mohlabi Kenneth Tsekoa, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Lesotho, Hon Rohitha Bogollagama, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Sri Lanka, Hon Bernard Membe, Foreign Minister of the United Republic of Tanzania, Hon Samuel Abal, Minister for Foreign Affairs, Trade and Immigration of Papua New Guinea, Rt. Hon David Miliband, UK Foreign Secretary, Hon Helena Guergis, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs and International Trade, Canada, and Hon Dato’ Joseph Salang, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Malaysia. A statement was read out on behalf of the Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of St. Lucia.
Pakistan 2. CMAG recalled the CHOGM Communiqué of November 2005, in particular the statement by Heads of Government that “the holding by the same person of the offices of Head of State and Chief of Army Staff is incompatible with the basic principles of democracy and the spirit of the Harare Commonwealth principles...until the two offices are separated, the process of democratisation in Pakistan will not be irreversible…(They) urged Pakistan to resolve this issue as early as possible, and not beyond the end of the current Presidential term in 2007 at the latest.’’
3. CMAG also recalled its statement of 12 November 2007, following its extraordinary meeting on Pakistan in which it had “urged the Government of Pakistan to fulfil its obligations in accordance with Commonwealth principles through the implementation of the following measures :
immediate repeal of the emergency provisions and full restoration of the Constitution and of the independence of the judiciary. This should also include full restoration of fundamental rights and the rule of law that have been curbed under the Proclamation of Emergency ; President Musharraf to step down as Chief of Army Staff as promised ; immediate release of political party leaders and activists, human rights activists, lawyers and journalists detained under the Proclamation of Emergency ;
immediate removal of all curbs on private media broadcasts and restrictions on the press ; move rapidly towards the creation of conditions for the holding of free and fair elections in accordance with the Constitution.
CMAG agreed that at its next meeting on 22 November, if after review of progress, Pakistan has failed to implement these necessary measures, it will suspend Pakistan from the Councils of the Commonwealth. ”
4. The Group expressed disappointment that while there had been some progress, these conditions remained substantially unfulfilled—the State of Emergency had not been lifted, the Constitution and independence of the judiciary had not been restored, and fundamental rights and rule of law remain curtailed.
5. Although there have been indications that President Musharraf may remove his uniform in the coming days, the Group noted that despite repeated promises made to remove his uniform, President Musharraf continues to hold the offices of both Head of State and Chief of Army Staff, even after the expiry of the Presidential term on 15 November 2007. CMAG acknowledged President Musharraf’s intention to remove his uniform and looked forward to him doing so as soon as possible.
6. CMAG welcomed the release of detainees in recent days but, at the same time, expressed concern at the journalists, lawyers and human rights activists who continued to be in detention and at the recent further arrest of many journalists who were protesting against continuing Government curbs on private media broadcasts.
7. CMAG noted the announcement by the Election Commission of Pakistan that parliamentary elections will be held on 8 January 2008. While it welcomed this important step it nevertheless concluded that Pakistan would need to move rapidly towards the creation of conditions for the holding of free and fair elections.
8. The Group took note of the letter received by the Secretary-General from the Caretaker Prime Minster of Pakistan, and seriously considered the points raised in it. CMAG warmly welcomed the commitment to continued engagement with the Commonwealth expressed in that letter. It also noted Pakistan’s own decision not to attend the Kampala CHOGM. It appreciated the invitation for a CMAG delegation to visit Pakistan.
9. CMAG agreed that, notwithstanding some progress by the Pakistan Government since its last meeting, the situation in Pakistan continued to represent a serious violation of the Commonwealth’s fundamental political values. CMAG regretted that the Government of Pakistan had failed to implement the necessary measures set out in the CMAG Statement of 12 November 2007. Accordingly, consistent with that decision, CMAG suspended Pakistan forthwith from the Councils of the Commonwealth, pending the restoration of democracy and the rule of law in that country. 
10. The Group recognised the mutual interest of the Commonwealth and Pakistan in remaining engaged in this critical period. CMAG therefore requested the Secretary-General to remain engaged and to deploy his good offices as appropriate and in consultation with the Chairperson of CMAG. It also affirmed its strong commitment to remain engaged with Pakistan, as a valued member of the Commonwealth, to work to assist the return to democracy in that country.
11. CMAG renewed its call to the Government of Pakistan to implement the necessary measures listed in its Statement of 12 November as soon as possible. It agreed to review progress following the conduct of scheduled parliamentary elections in January 2008, including possibly through a visit of a CMAG Ministerial delegation to Pakistan.
12. The Group reiterated its support for and solidarity with the people of Pakistan who have a right to enjoy the provisions and protections of its Constitution, with fundamental freedoms of expression and assembly, and the rule of law.
 The implications of such a suspension would be : the exclusion of representatives from participation at all inter-governmental Commonwealth meetings and in other inter-governmental Commonwealth activities including CHOGM. Source : Commonwealth Secretariat, 22 November 2007, Meeting document